What other arbitration-related treaties and conventions is your country a party to?

International Arbitration

Austria Small Flag Austria

Since 4 June 1964, Austria is a party to the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration of 21 April 1961, particularly significant for its rules on curing pathological arbitral agreements (Art IV).

As regards investment arbitration instruments, Austria is a party to the ICSID Convention (in force since 24 June 1971), the Energy Charter Treaty (in force since 16 April 1998) and some 60 odd Bilateral Investment Treaties.

France Small Flag France

France is a party to the Geneva (European) Convention on International Commercial Arbitration of 1961 and the Washington Convention of 1965 creating the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Additionally, France has entered into bilateral treaties on the protection of investments with more than 100 States.

Portugal Small Flag Portugal

Portugal adopted the UNCITRAL Model Law (the Model Law) through the Arbitration Act (Law No. 63/2011, 14 December), thus bringing the Portuguese arbitration voluntary law closer to the UNCITRAL Model Law. The Arbitration Act contains other solutions – complying nevertheless with the Model law - tested within the context of the previous arbitration law.

Romania Small Flag Romania

Since 1963, Romania is a party to the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration (Geneva, 1961) and since 1975, Romania became a party to the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States.

As well, Romania has signed multiple bilateral conventions with countries including Albania, Algeria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Cuba, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, North Korea, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Syria and Tunisia.

Sweden Small Flag Sweden

The Arbitration Act is not directly based on the UNCITRAL Model Law. However, the Model law was considered in the preparation of the Arbitration Act enacted in 1999. No major differences exist. The draftsmen of the new Arbitration Act have pointed out that it was seen urgent that the provisions of the Model Act should be considered in the drafting of every part of the new Arbitration Act (not yet in force).

UAE Small Flag UAE

In addition to various bilateral treaties for judicial cooperation as well as bilateral investment treaties, the UAE has ratified the following Conventions:

  • the 1907 Hague Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (ratified in 2008);
  • the 1965 Washington Convention on the Settlement of Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (ratified in 1982);
  • the 1983 Riyadh Convention on Judicial Cooperation between States of the Arab League (ratified in 1999); and
  • the 1987 Gulf Cooperation Council for the Execution of Judgments, Delegations and Judicial Notifications (ratified in 1996).

Switzerland Small Flag Switzerland

Switzerland is a party to the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States of 1965 (ICSID Convention), as well as to the Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923 and the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927, although, according to art. VII para 3 of the New York Convention the latter two treaties ceased to have effect.

New Zealand Small Flag New Zealand

New Zealand is also a party to the 1965 Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States (the Washington Convention), the 1923 Protocol on Arbitration Clauses and the 1927 Convention on the Execution of Foreign Awards.

Malaysia Small Flag Malaysia

Malaysia continuously seeks to position itself as a target for foreign investment. The country is a party to the ICSID Convention and close to 100 investment treaties that provide for investment treaty arbitration. A notable recent development is its ratification of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (“TPPA”), a preferential trade and investment agreement between 12 countries, which covers 40% of the world’s economy and a third of world trade. Alongside various novel regulations, the TPPA also contains an extensive investment treaty arbitration chapter.

Regional trade growth has also been a core economic focus of Malaysia. In 2009, Malaysia entered into the ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement (“ACIA”), a regional trade instrument consolidating existing agreements between the ASEAN member countries. The ACIA provides an investment treaty arbitration mechanism.

United States Small Flag United States

The United States is also party to the Panama Convention, the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (ICSID Convention) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

In addition, the United States is a contracting state to many bilateral investment treaties, which, in defined circumstances, provide for binding arbitral proceedings between one contracting state and individual investors of another contracting state. A list such treaties can be found on the website of the U.S. Department of State (www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/tif/index.htm).

Singapore Small Flag Singapore

In addition to various bilateral and multilateral treaties (such as the ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement), Singapore has ratified the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States 1966 (ICSID Convention).

Brazil Small Flag Brazil

Brazil is signatory to Genebra Pact, but with reservation, so that the Convention is in force in our country only in relation to international commercial contracts; to Montevidéu Convention (Inter-American Convention on Extraterritorial Effectiveness of Foreign Arbitral Judgments and Foreign Arbitral Awards); to New York Convention (Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards); to Panamá Convention (Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration); to Las Lenas Protocol; to Agreement on International Commercial Arbitration of MERCOSUL.

Canada Small Flag Canada

Canada is party to 33 bilateral investment treaties and 11 regional free trade agreements. Canada is also party to the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States.

Free Trade Agreements

  • Canada-Korea
  • Canada-Honduras
  • Canada-Panama
  • Canada-Columbia
  • Canada-Peru
  • Canada-Chile
  • North American Free Trade Agreement

Bilateral Investment Treaties

  • Canada-Argentina
  • Canada-Armenia
  • Canada-Barbados
  • Canada-Benin
  • Canada-China
  • Canada-Costa Rica
  • Canada-Côte d'Ivoire
  • Canada-Croatia
  • Canada-Czech Republic
  • Canada-Ecuador
  • Canada-Egypt
  • Canada-Hong Kong
  • Canada-Hungary
  • Canada-Jordan
  • Canada-Kuwait
  • Canada-Latvia
  • Canada-Lebanon
  • Canada-Mali
  • Canada-Panama
  • Canada-Peru (Suspended)
  • Canada-Philippines
  • Canada-Poland
  • Canada-Romania
  • Canada-Russian Federation
  • Canada-Senegal
  • Canada-Serbia
  • Canada-Slovak Republic
  • Canada-Tanzania
  • Canada-Thailand
  • Canada-Trinidad and Tobago
  • Canada-Ukraine
  • Canada-Uruguay
  • Canada-Venezuela

Panama Small Flag Panama

Panama is a party to the Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration, which entered into force for Panama on March 30, 1976, and the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of other States, which entered into force for Panama on January 8, 1996.

Spain Small Flag Spain

Spain is also signatory of the ICSID Convention made in Washington in 1965 and the Vienna Convention of 1969 on the Law of Treaties.

Turkey Small Flag Turkey

Turkey is a party of the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration dated 1961, (as of 23 September 1991), and the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes dated 1965 (as of 27 May 1988).

Germany Small Flag Germany

Germany is party to various other arbitration related treaties and conventions, in particular to (i) the 1961 European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration (Geneva Convention) since 27 October 1964 and (ii) the 1965 Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of other States (“ICSID Convention”) since 18 April 1969.

In addition, since 1958 Germany has entered into more than 130 bilateral investment treaties.

Italy Small Flag Italy

Italy is a party to the 1927 Geneva Convention on The Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards, to the 1961 European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration as well as to the 1965 Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States.

United Kingdom Small Flag United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is signatory to the (a) Geneva Protocol 1923, (b) Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1927, (c) New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1958, (d) Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States 1965 and (e) various Bilateral and Multilateral Investment Treaties (BITs & MITs).

Ireland Small Flag Ireland

The Arbitration Act 2010 applies to all arbitrations commenced after 8 June 2010 and it applies the UNCITRAL Model Law.

Ireland is a party to the Washington Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States of 1965, the Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923, the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927, and the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1958.

As regards investment treaties, Ireland is a signatory to the Energy Charter Treaty.

Poland Small Flag Poland

Poland is a party to the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration of 1961 (since 14 December 1964). Furthermore, Poland is a party to bilateral treaties relating to recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards with Algeria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Iraq, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Serbia, Slovenia, Syria and Turkey. Poland remains a party to the Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses in Commercial Matters of 1923, although due to its replacement by the New York Convention among convention countries, under art. VII(2) of the convention, the relevance of the protocol is limited.

Updated: February 6, 2017