Legal Briefing | Competition |

Author image

The stay of execution order of the ninth administrative court of Ankara (court) regarding the Turkish competition board’s conditional approval decision dated 8 May 2018 and numbered 18-14/267-129 sheds some light and provides insights for future cases regarding the court’s approach towards behavioral remedies. The court found that the behavioral remedies accepted by the board … Continue reading “Recent competition law developments in Turkey: the administrative court’s stay of execution decision regarding behavioural remedies”

Legal Briefing | Competition |

Author image

The Indian Competition Act (CA02) was enacted in 20021. Since its inception, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) has imposed approximately £1bn in penalties on enterprises and their key individuals for their participation in cartels under s3, read with s27, of CA02. The Competition Commission of India (Lesser Penalty) Regulations were enacted in 2009. Since … Continue reading “Strategic considerations for foreign enterprises considering applying for leniency in India”

Legal Briefing | Employment |

Author image

Complex workplace investigations were the exception and not the norm until a few years ago. In the year 2000 a one-page statutory code of practice was published in Ireland to guide employers through the humdrum of workplace disciplinary and grievance investigations containing only one sentence regarding the issue of employee representation in investigations. Fast forward … Continue reading “Anatomy of a workplace investigation in Ireland: how to handle some of the practical issues”

Legal Briefing | Employment |

Author image

In the last decade, the manner in which work is organised and managed has suffered significant changes. This fact has caused either beneficial or harmful consequences, such as emerging psychosocial risks and new challenges. The main questions are: what are the psychosocial risks? What are their consequences for the workers and for the company? What … Continue reading “Psychosocial risks versus healthy companies in Spain”

Legal Briefing | Employment |

Author image

In Australia, as in the rest of the world, employers bear onerous legal obligations to ensure that workplace culture does not condone sexual harassment, or indeed any other kind of bullying or vilification. Perhaps unlike other parts of the world, the laws dealing with workplace discrimination and harassment in Australia are particularly complex, not the … Continue reading “Dealing with discrimination and harassment in Australian workplaces”

Legal Briefing | Intellectual Property |

Author image

Introduction The traditional way of assessing distinctiveness is strictly focused on the specific national market in which the trademark and product occur, so that a trademark may very well be distinctive in a given market and not distinctive in another. In this article, we challenge this traditional approach and investigate more closely if specific circumstances … Continue reading “Trademark law and the criteria of distinctiveness”

Legal Briefing | Intellectual Property |

Author image

There is a continuously rising number of IP litigation cases in China in the past five years. For example, the number of civil, administrative and criminal IP cases newly filed before the courts in 2018 reached 334,951, according to the Annual Report on the Judicial Protection of Intellectual Property Rights of Chinese Courts (2018), which … Continue reading “The Application of Injunction in IP Litigation Cases in China”