Is there any specific regulator for the provisions of communications-related services? Are they independent of the government control?
Technology (second edition)
There are two regulatory agencies for the provision of communications-related services:
The Federal Communications Commission (ComCom) is the independent regulatory authority for the telecommunications market. Established by the TCA, it consists of seven members nominated by the Federal Council. ComCom is not subject to any Federal Council or Department directives. It is independent of the administrative authorities and has its own secretariat. ComCom’s responsibilities include, among other things, granting licenses for use of the radio frequency spectrum, awarding universal service licences, laying down the access conditions (unbundling, interconnection, leased lines etc.) when service providers fail to reach an agreement, approving national numbering plans, fixing the terms of application of number portability/carrier selection and rendering decisions about supervisory measures and administrative sanctions.
The Federal Office of Communications (OFCOM) handles questions related to telecommunications and broadcasting (radio and television). OFCOM prepares the decisions of the Swiss government (Federal Council), the Swiss Federal Department for the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) and the Swiss Federal Communications Commission (ComCom). OFCOM also serves as a point of contact for and coordinates international activities as regards Switzerland’s position as an innovative location for business and research. OFCOM fulfils all regulatory tasks as regards telecommunications services and is, among other things, responsible for granting licences to all providers of fixed network services (without the tender procedure), the enforcement of the TSPs’ obligation to register and the management of the frequency spectrum.
Main regulators for the provisions of communication-related services are MIIT and the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC). MIIT is in charge of licensing for and administration of both BTS and VATS, while CAC’s functions cover implementing the internet information communication policies, promoting the legislation in internet information communication, instructing relevant departments to enhance the management of internet information content, approving and supervising network news services, and planning the construction of critical news websites. Both MIIT and CAC are directly led by the State Council.