How do you envisage technology affecting the construction and engineering industry in your jurisdiction over the next five years?
Technology is envisaged to have a significant impact on the construction and engineering industry, including easing the processes in a project. Among others things, the Building Information Modeling system (BIM), digital 3D-modelling of a project, will help improve the way projects can be designed, constructed and operated. Also newer technology, such as so-called wearables, cloud computing and advanced construction materials, will make its way into the Norwegian construction projects.
New technological solutions can potentially reduce the number of disputes arising from the project planning and design.
Like in many other countries, the Swedish construction industry has not kept pace with other manufacturing industries when it comes to technology. This is about to change. Use of sophisticated 3D models for design work, modern energy solutions, and increased use of factory made construction elements are examples of a modernisation of the construction industry.
Despite the large number of substantial construction projects in Hong Kong, the industry has fallen behind other jurisdictions when it comes to technology. In the next five years, Hong Kong has to catch up by implementing BIM, Internet of Things technology and 3D printing across more of its projects. The industry also is seeking to use technology increasingly, to promote safety and reduce the incidence of death and injury during construction activities. Not pushing and succeeding with these various initiatives may impact the city’s future competitiveness in the market and its international reputation. In her maiden policy address in October 2017, the Chief Executive, Carrie Lam, promised that the government would adopt BIM in major government capital works projects that are scheduled to start in 2018. The Government has also pledges that it will work to promote its use in private construction projects in Hong Kong.
Given the predicted increase in housebuilding, offsite modular building and robotics are set to increase, enabled by improvements in 3D printing technology.
We are increasingly seeing the introduction of smart cities and smart buildings, aided by the growing use of Building Information Modelling.
Construction management software will increasingly be accessible via mobile devices which will improve the standard of record keeping on sites. Drones will increasingly be used for surveying, particularly in dangerous or previously inaccessible sites. Automated vehicles will lead to efficiencies.
The use of technology in the design and construction of projects will continue to increase in the United States in 2018 and beyond. For example, Building Information Modeling (BIM) has steadily increased over the years, and looks to further expand in the coming years. According to the annual NBS National BIM Report in 2017, 78% of respondent saw BIM as the future of project information. See Summary of National BIM Report for 2017 (available at https://www.thenbs.com/knowledge/nbs-national-bim-report-2017). BIM provides for the creation and management of 3D building data during the design and construction process, which allows for a better understanding of how components of the project will integrate and work. BIM is used for design purposes, but also for identifying changes and modifications that can result in significant project cost savings.
In addition to BIM, the use of Virtual Reality (VR) and augmented reality are integrating into the construction industry and their use is likely to increase in the next five years. Contractors in the United States have used VR to provide owners and stakeholders with a way to immerse themselves in project environments. VR has been used for planning and design phases on several major hospitality and entertainment projects in the United States. In addition, 4D environments allow contractors to fully plan every aspect of their projects, which allows for improved safety, efficiency and can lead to a better final outcome.
In addition to these technological developments, we also anticipate seeing a continued increase in the use of prefabrication. While prefabrication is not a new technology, advances in prefabrication technology is drastically increasing its benefits. Other technological advances have also improved the prefabrication process and provided greater visibility into the process. Given that labor shortages are anticipated to continue in the construction industry for the next several years, the use of prefabrication is likely to increase in the near term.
Considering dynamics of amendments of basic laws regulating spatial planning and construction, it may be presumed that the legal system of the Republic of Serbia shall be able to provide prompt and adequate responses to any technological advancements in construction and engineering industry.